Ants are insects living in colonies with a highly specialized and complex social organization. In the scientific classification, these organisms belong to the Arthropoda Phylum, Insecta class, Hymenoptera order, Aprocrita sub-order and the formicidae family. Belonging to the Insecta class the ant body is anatomically divided into 3 main parts -- the head, thorax and abdomen.
The head makes up the mouth with biting jaws and sometimes stings, two antennas with chemical and tactile sensitivity, and a pair of compound eyes. The thorax has three segments with a pair of leg in each.
These tiny creatures have a typical categorization with three major classes -- the fertile winged female, winged male and the wingless infertile female. Extreme specialization and division of labor among the ants makes them dependent upon each other. The wingless, female queen is an egg-producing machine for the 15 years of her life. Although the queen is capable of mating five times, she usually mates only once. She is mostly immobile and dependent on the wingless infertile female ants for her survival, as well as the care of her eggs, larvae and brood.
Ant colonies are primarily female societies. The winged female and male engage in mating, and the male invariably dies within 48 hours of mating. The female ant losses its wings and digs a compartment where she lays eggs and fertilizes most of them with stored sperm. The fertilized eggs develop into females most of whom (depending on nutrition) become worker ants and a few queen ants.
Males develop from the infertile eggs. Eggs undergo complete metamorphosis from larva to pupa to adults. Ants can red, brown, black and yellow. Fire ants, army ants, leave cutter ants, harvest ants, weaver, honey pots and driver ants are a few among the many ant species. Ants can be omnivorous, herbivorous or carnivorous feeders.
Ants provides detailed information on Ants, Fire Ants, Carpenter Ants, Ant Farms and more. Ants is affiliated with Cave Crickets.
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A Guide To Ants
By Josh Riverside
In the fertile female and male, the last two segments have a pair of wings attached. The abdomen that nests the most essential organs for survival including reproduction, respiration and digestion is the largest and softest part of an ants body.